Is Adoption Haram in Islam?
If you have a baby who is not yours, you may wonder if adoption is haram in Islam. Adopting a child can help them grow up without the stigma of being born out of wedlock. In this article we will discuss the legality of adoption and the types of adoption.
Changing the lineage of the adopted child will be haram
According to Islam, changing the lineage of an adopted child is prohibited. While this is not an absolute rule, it does indicate that it is against the Sharia. Adoptive parents are required to disclose the actual lineage of their adopted child. Islam also prohibits adoptive parents from lying about the lineage of their adopted child. In addition, adoptive parents are not allowed to exclude their adopted child from inheriting their properties.
In addition to the rulings about changing lineage, many other Islamic rules involving the lineage of a child are also related to it. These include rules about breast-feeding, guardianship, inheritance, and legal retribution. For example, a child can inherit a parent’s surname if the biological parent is related to them. However, a parent should make sure to maintain relations with the child’s biological parents. If they are not able to do so, they may be deemed oppressive and will be punished.
One of the most sensitive issues surrounding adoptive children is the issue of identity. There is debate about whether or not adoptive parents are real parents. Although adoptive parents are presumed to be real parents in society and in official records, they are still not considered biological parents. Further, the issue of adoptive parentage is divided into three different categories – known, unknown, and abandoned children. Changing the lineage of an adopted child is prohibited in Islam, because it violates the Quran’s definition of inheritance.
Putting a baby up for adoption may allow your child to grow up without the stigma of being born out of wedlock
Adoption can be a good option for pregnant Muslim women who are worried about the “zina” stigma. Islam permits adoption, and many progressive interpretations of the religion are practiced today in various countries. If you are a Muslim, you should consider adoption as a viable option before making any final decisions.
In Iran, the process of registration for children born out of wedlock is not nearly as simple as in other countries. Parents are often reluctant to file an application because of fear that they might not be accepted by society. Unmarried children are treated as adulterous by law, and they may face harsh punishments if the authorities find out they were unmarried.
In Western cultures, adoption means that a child is given to a new family. As a result, the adopted child will carry the family name of the adoptive parents. This means that John Stuart Mill will become John W. Bourassa, and the child will never know his or her genealogy or real family name.
Whether a Muslim can adopt any person is legal permissible
The concept of adoption among Muslims was discussed in Shabnam Hashmi v. Union of India, a landmark case involving the Supreme Court of India. Whether a Muslim can adopt anyone is not an issue of faith but a matter of personal choice. According to Muslim personal law, an adoption should be performed only if it is in the best interests of the child.
Although Islam encourages and permits adoption of orphans, it does not permit them to remain with the family after puberty. Moreover, all relations in Islam are ordained by Allah, and physical intimacy with a nikah partner is prohibited. As a result, an adopted son or daughter cannot live with the biological mother or daughter. However, a 60-year-old man who has a young wife can adopt a son from her biological mother.
Adoption has long been practiced in pre-Islamic Arabia. Prophet Mohammad adopted a child, Zaid. The Emigrants of Makkah and the Helpers of Madhinah also adopted a child. While these families were not blood-related, they were deemed to be “blood-brothers” by the Prophet Mohammad.
Types of adoption
The Islamic concept of adoption is very different from the secular European concept. The European concept of adoption transfers almost all legal rights to the adoptive parents, while Islamic adoption limits such rights to the maintenance and care of the child. However, it does not prohibit the right of the adoptive parents to compensate the biological child for any loss or damage caused by the adoption. In addition, in Islam, adoptive parents must name their child after the biological father.
Traditional adoption is considered haram in Islam because it violates Islamic rules of family and kinship. Adoptive parents are bound to provide for the maintenance of the adopted child, unlike biological children, who are entitled to inherit the parent’s property. However, the child does not have the right to inherit or receive gifts from the adopted parents.
In pre-Islamic Arabia, adoption was a common practice. For instance, the Prophet Muhammad adopted a slave named Zaid Ibn Harithah, who had refused to return to his biological father. The Prophet Muhammad treated the slave well, and declared him to be his son.