Is Surrogacy Haram in Islam?
Surrogacy is not considered haram in Islam. However, it is still considered an act of zina in Islam. This means that the surrogate mother is not carrying her own child, but instead is renting her womb for the purpose of carrying another child. In addition, there is no risk of confusion over lineage, as the biological parents are known. Essentially, hiring a surrogate mother is similar to hiring a woman to breastfeed your child.
Surrogacy is haram in islam
Surrogacy is a practice that is not allowed in Islam. Muslim scholars and clerics consider surrogacy to be an adulterous act. However, the Islamic Fiqh Council reversed its ruling in 1984, and now permits the practice of surrogacy between co-wives.
This practice has its own drawbacks. For one, it dehumanizes human procreation and tramples on the dignity and honor of Allah Almighty. Moreover, it can result in legal disputes involving the custody of the child. In some cases, surrogate mothers have refused to hand over their baby to the biological parents.
It violates Islamic injunctions
Islam has a strong stance against surrogacy and has forbidden the practice. Surrogacy is against the Islamic injunction against zina (conceiving without knowing the father). The Arabic word “walada” refers to the whole process of begetting, from carrying the child to giving birth. Because the surrogate’s womb is not the intended mother’s, she is not in any way a mother. In addition, there is no risk of confusion about lineage, since the biological parents are confirmed.
According to Islamic law, it is also considered adultery if a third party donates sperm, eggs, or embryos. Islam considers any child born through this forbidden technology illegitimate. Likewise, it is not permissible to perform the ART procedure on an intended mother who has undergone a divorce or is no longer married.
It violates human rights
Surrogacy is forbidden in Islam, according to Islamic scholars. It is considered haram if the surrogate mother is hired for monetary compensation. Islamic scholars agree that the surrogacy method confuses the mother and nasab (natural mother). Moreover, allowing surrogacy would result in disputes over the child’s ownership and inbreeding.
The Islamic Fiqh Academy Council issued a fatwa (decision) in 1407 H / 1986 on the issue. It reviewed several studies and listened to the opinions of various experts on the topic. It concluded that five forms of artificial insemination are forbidden in Islam. Only two are allowed. Artificial insemination involves taking a man’s sperm and implanting it into a woman’s womb.
It violates human safety
Islamic law considers surrogacy haram if the mother is hired for monetary compensation. This practice is prohibited between two co-wives. However, some Muslims have argued that surrogacy is not haram in Islam if the mother is willing to donate her womb. This is not always the case, though, and surrogacy is not prohibited in all Muslim countries.
In Islam, every child has the right to know his or her parents. Surrogacy creates ambiguity and makes it difficult to determine who is the real mother of a child. Moreover, the genetic mother provides the egg from which the child is conceived, but the surrogate woman carries the child. This confusion affects the child emotionally.
It violates sharia
According to Sharia law, surrogacy violates Islamic principles and is not acceptable in Muslim countries. The clerics and scholars of Islam consider surrogacy an act of adultery and illegitimate conception. The purpose of surrogacy is to help couples have a child. However, there are certain conditions that must be fulfilled by both parties.
One of the conditions for surrogacy to be acceptable in Islamic society is that it is not illegal. A woman can carry a child by surrogate if her ovaries are infertile. In addition, it is a form of adultery, which violates the sanctity of marriage.